arXiv preprint: Influence of long-range interactions on charge ordering phenomena on a square lattice

Title: Influence of long-range interactions on charge ordering phenomena on a square lattice

Abstract: Usually complex charge ordering phenomena arise due to competing interactions. We have studied how such ordered patterns emerge from the frustration of a long-ranged interaction on a lattice. Using the lattice gas model on a square lattice with fixed particle density, we have identified several interesting phases; such as a generalization of Wigner crystals at low particle densities and stripe phases at densities in between rho = 1/3 and rho = 1/2. These stripes act as domain walls in the checkerboard phase present at half-filling. The phases are characterised at zero temperatures using numerical simulations, and mean field theory is used to construct a finite temperature phase diagram.

Reference: Louk Rademaker, Yohanes Pramudya, Jan Zaanen, Vladimir Dobrosavljevic, arXiv:1304.3643

arXiv preprint: Enhancement of spin propagation due to interlayer exciton condensation

Title: Enhancement of spin propagation due to interlayer exciton condensation

Abstract: We show that an interlayer exciton condensate doped into a strongly correlated Mott insulator exhibits a remarkable enhancement of the bandwidth of the magnetic excitations (triplons). This triplon is visible in the dynamical magnetic susceptibility and can be measured using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. The bandwidth of the triplon scales with the exciton superfluid density, but only in the limit of strong correlations. As such the triplon bandwidth acts as a probe of exciton-spin interactions in the condensate.

Reference: Louk Rademaker, Jeroen van den Brink, Hans Hilgenkamp, Jan Zaanen, arXiv:1304.3643

arXiv preprint: Dynamics of a single exciton in strongly correlated bilayers

Title: Dynamics of a single exciton in strongly correlated bilayers

Abstract: We formulated an effective theory for a single interlayer exciton in a bilayer quantum antiferromagnet, in the limit that the holon and doublon are strongly bound onto one interlayer rung by the Coulomb force. Upon using a rung linear spin wave approximation of the bilayer Heisenberg model, we calculated the spectral function of the exciton for a wide range of the interlayer Heisenberg coupling \alpha=J_{\perp}/Jz. In the disordered phase at large \alpha, a coherent quasiparticle peak appears representing free motion of the exciton in a spin singlet background. In the N\'{e}el phase, which applies to more realistic model parameters, a ladder spectrum arises due to Ising confinement of the exciton. The exciton spectrum is visible in measurements of the dielectric function, such as c-axis optical conductivity measurements.

Reference: Louk Rademaker, Kai Wu and Jan Zaanen, arXiv:1202.3616

arXiv preprint: The dynamical frustration of interlayer excitons delocalizing in bilayer quantum antiferromagnets

Last week I put my work on exciton dynamics in strongly correlated bilayers onto the arXiv!

Title: The dynamical frustration of interlayer excitons delocalizing in bilayer quantum antiferromagnets

Abstract: Using the self-consistent Born approximation we study the delocalization of interlayer excitons in the bilayer Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnet (see figure above). Under realistic conditions we find that the coupling between the exciton motion and the spin system is strongly enhanced as compared to the case of a single carrier, to a degree that it mimics the confinement physics of carriers in Ising spin systems. We predict that the ‘ladder spectrum’ associated with this confinement physics should be visible in the c-axis exciton spectra of insulating bilayer cuprates such as YBa2Cu3O6. Our discovery indicates that finite density systems of such excitons should show very rich physical behavior.

Reference: Louk Rademaker, Kai Wu, Hans Hilgenkamp and Jan Zaanen, arXiv:1106.5347

arXiv preprint: Prediction of the quantization of magnetic flux in double layer exciton superfluids

I just posted a preprint paper on the arXiv, with the following abstract.

Currently a way is lacking to detect unambiguously the possible phase coherence of an exciton condensate in an electron-hole double layer. Here we show that despite the fact that excitons are charge-neutral, the double layer exciton superfluid exhibits a diamagnetic response. In devices with specific circular geometry the magnetic flux threading between the layers must be quantized in units of $latex \frac{h}{e} \chi_m$ where $latex \chi_m$ is the diamagnetic susceptibility of the device. We discuss possible experimental realizations of the predicted unconventional flux quantization.

See the whole article at arXiv:1009.1793.